Learning Theories

In my perspective, the most important topic I learned is creating learning outcomes using Bloom’s Taxonomy. The reason I chose this topic because the Bloom’s taxonomy provides a framework for instructors which can help to focus on higher order thinking. The hierarchy of six levels i.e., Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation helps in designing performance tasks and assessing the students. By using different Bloom levels, teacher can easily prepare a study material depending on the age-groups, culture, background, and prior knowledge.

Importance: A teacher can design an interesting course by using different competencies of Bloom’s Taxonomy. This method puts the teaching process in order with respect to the difficulty level. A teacher can be self-reflective about the curriculum development and the assessment. By implementing this method, a teacher can move beyond the lecture and the process of memorization. The six cognitive domains help to recall and recognize from the lower level to complex levels.

Image source-Blooms-Graphic-1024×757-00772b45d3974746afa6aa8a34db64e6.jpg (768×568) (thoughtco.com)

Identification and Incorporation of Knowledge in Teaching Practices

In my paper I will explain this with an example of Teaching German Language to the students using Bloom’s Taxonomy.

1.       Knowledge: I will begin the lesson with tips and notes to keep in mind while practicing. The levels of lessons will be designed at BL-1 stage as it will engage the learner in such a way that they are expected to remember the exact translation/meaning of the various German terms used. As this learning method involves the recall of knowledge as is, it comes under the purview of BL-1.

2.       Comprehension: I will help the learner in framing short sentences or phrases with complete understanding and comprehension of the German words used.  As the learner will be able to reproduce the knowledge in his/her own words with comprehension, the lesson will cover the BL-2 stage.

3.       Application: After learning the German phrases, the learner will be able to greet/introduce oneself to someone who speaks only German. The learner can apply the knowledge as is in situations where German is the “lingua franca”.

4.       Analysis: In this, the learner will be able to differentiate, compare, and classify between different words of German language.

5.       Synthesis: The learner will be able to compile the different information, words or sentences and will be able to produce different sentences in German language.

6.       Evaluation. The learner will be able to have thoughtful judgments over his/her writings and narrations.

Developing a teaching philosophy has a specific importance such as creating a methodology, ideals as a teacher, having teaching beliefs, and core values. This puts a positive impact on students and improves the classroom’s environment. Moreover, with the help of good teaching philosophies, instructor can reflect and act correctly in a classroom.

While reading Gagne’s nine events, many other theories came into my mind, and I tried to interconnect those with Gagne’s events.

Image source-Nine-Events-of-Instruction.png (1644×944) (educationaltechnology.net)

As the Gagne’s nine events provides us the framework for an effective learning. In the first event, it talks about gaining the attention of the learner. We can gain attention (ARCS model) of the leaner by telling the stories, showing pictures, or by demonstrations. It will help to increase the performance of the learner. The second events talk about informing learner about the objectives. This helps the learner to organize their thoughts and get an appropriate objective. Here we can apply the approach of cognitivism. Here we can also apply relevance of the ARCS model. Next is to stimulate recall of prior knowledge. In this, we can build the previous knowledge of the learner which also reminds us about the Schema theory. For this, we can also take the practice test to make the leaner recall about the previous knowledge. After this, we can add more details and information to the process. This gives the learner more responsibility to create a map about the learning process. The next Gagne’s event is to provide a stimulus for learning. This helps the learner to sequence the information by getting the fair idea of the topic. In providing learning and guidance, we can give the relevant examples related to the topic. It helps the learner to gain the cognitive skills and increases the future performance. Moreover, this event can be also related to the BL 3 level of the Blooms taxonomy. In the elicit performance; we have to allow the learner to acquire new skills and knowledge. Every learner will have their different viewpoints (constructivism) and we can relate this event to BL 4 level. You can present a picture and ask the learner to choose the correct response. After this provide relevant feedback to the learner as it will generate confidence (ARCS model) and feel motivated. This can be a quiz, verbal comments or so on. While giving the feedback you can specify by saying “You are doing a good job”. After this evaluate the learner to determine if the lesson has been learned properly or not. Check of the learner can follow the Bloom’s highest levels.  In the last event i.e., enhance retention and transfer, inform the learner about the similar problems. We can also provide the additional practice and in the end review the lesson.

other theories that we discussed during our class our, Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism

Image Source-Behaviourism-Cognitivism-and-Constructivism-as-Learning-Theories.png (850×462) (researchgate.net)

BEHAVIORISM: One of the methods of learning employed in the practice exercise is that if a learner does not answer correctly to a question, he/she will be repeatedly asked the same question several times even after having answered it correctly. In this way, the learner when asked the same question again, is bound to give the write answer, as he had repeatedly gone through the same question again and again. Thus, the behavior of the learner is manipulated to make learning happen. It follows Classical Conditioning Theory as repetition of association leads to learning in above-mentioned case.

COGNITIVISM: As learning a new language involves various terms that a learner is completely new to, this theory is designed in such a way that new data are connected with existing schemas in the learner’s brain. For example, the learner is introduced to the term ‘Wasser’ with an image of water body provided in the background and is asked to give its English translation. The learner immediately can connect the already-existing schema for ‘water’ in his brain and add the term ‘Wasser’ to it. In this way, Schema Theory of Cognitivism approach is applied in this course to make use of dynamic schemas in the learner.

CONSTRUCTIVISM: There are certain pronunciation rules mentioned in this theory that make use of the differences in American and British accents. Three different learners with different accents (British, American, French) would interpret the pronunciations at their own discretion. Hence, this will lead to different viewpoints/variations in the pronunciation of that particular German term. As this method involves the learners to interpret the information as per their own schemas, ‘constructivism’ approach to learning is employed.

It is important to always keep in mind about the learner behavior such as reading, hearing, seeing, writing, doing and experience. We should write the content in an appropriate manner by starting from the lowest level up to the highest. Use voice modulations, full stops in the audio of the WBT. Use appropriate colors and do not make it too flashy. It should be clear and interesting and also very attractive. Write the straight – forward information in the content part. Avoid using confusing statements and do not forget to include the questions, quizzes, tests or so on, as it will engage the learner and make him to learn in a better way. A well designed WBT will help the learner to grab knowledge effectively.

Thank you!

Lovepreet Kaur

What is educational technology?

As time goes on, use of technology is increasing day by day. Everyone knows that the Internet and technology have made the world so small that everything is possible with just in single click. And in terms of education, technology and education nowadays are interrelated as we are discovering and implementing new ways of learning with the help of technology. Educational technology helps the students, to learn and understand the material, and it can also be used as a tool for communication and research. From that article, “Benefits of Ed tech in the classroom”, I get to know about the benefits of using educational technology in our classroom as it helps to increase the engagement, collaboration, productivity and creativity among students.

Image source-https://c8.alamy.com/comp/2C8APHC/educational-technology-word-concepts-banner-e-learning-digital-education-infographics-with-linear-icons-on-violet-background-isolated-typography-2C8APHC.jpg

Educational technology breaks the boredom of the classes, it completely replaced the traditional classrooms, as it helps the students in keeping them engaged, builds the strong base of knowledge and triggers the curiosity of the children. Moreover, it introduced the concept of teaching with the help of artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality, 3D printing and various other methods to make education interesting and thoughtful.

During Covid-19, the online class has played an important role in imparting knowledge to the students. As well as all the educational institutions are offering online courses to students which helps them to improve their learning experience. Moreover, I am also attending my online classes from the last year, so I must say technology in education is entirely changed the educational system.

Image source-https://tech.ed.gov/files/2021/12/NETP-slide.png

From that article, “School work and Surveillance”, I found this quote, “Technologies designed to prevent or identify cheating”, very interesting as it talks about the importance of surveillance in education. In addition, this article, “History of Ed tech” talks about the importance of educational technology, and discussed that educational technology helps in oral communication, written communication, broadcasting and video, and many more.

“We need technology in every classroom and in every student and teacher’s hand because it is the pen and paper of our time”                -David Warlick

Thank you

Lovepreet kaur

EC&I 833- Introduction Post!

Hello everyone!!

I am Lovepreet Kaur, a full-time student of Master of Education in Curriculum and Instruction at University of Regina. This is my 10th course towards my masters and 2nd course with Katia. If I talk about my native place, I am from Northern part of India, and last year I came to Regina for my master’s. I worked as a Mathematics teacher in my home country and now I am full time student.

Teaching can be challenging, but with the help of technology, it can be more interesting and interactive. I still remember the day, when my teachers used to teach me only with the help of textbooks, black board and chalk, because my school did not have the enough digital resources to teach the students due to the lack of resources funded by the government, and even though I got my own computer in my undergraduates, and laptop during my masters. Therefore, this is the reason that I was not aware much about digital tools, but during covid-19 and in my previous classes with Alec and Katia, I have learned a lot about the importance of digital tools and educational technology, their positive and negative impacts on learning, and I get to know that technology is really playing an important role in our learning. Moreover, a lot of devices are there for teaching and learning such as eBooks, electronic gadgets and white boards.

source-https://c.tenor.com/3s7qwaIWeLcAAAAC/teacher-school.gif

Advent of innovative technology and internet has improved the learning style of students. Earlier traditional methods are used by the teachers within the class to educate the children but now transformations can be seen in the classes, teachers are using advance teaching techniques through technology while delivering the lectures. Even though, phones and tablets have become a very popular tool for students inside and outside of the classroom due to the wide adoption of these devices. Moreover, I am also using various sites to do my assignments such as Flipgrid, Canva and zoom for attending my classes.

source-https://c.tenor.com/ywza5YCaTA8AAAAM/technology.gif

I’d want to conclude by saying that modern technology is an indestructible aspect of the twenty-first century as it makes life easier for teachers and students so they can put up less effort and learn more.

Looking forward to learning from you all!!

Thank you

Lovepreet Kaur

Summary of learning!!

“Learning without reflection is a waste, and reflection without learning is dangerous” – Confucius

It’s hard to realize that we’re almost done with this course. This was my first class with “Katia” and I’ve already learnt a lot from her and my classmates. This course was very different from other Edtech courses, and from this class, I found the debate format very engaging, especially when I got an opportunity to participate. From our debate discussions, I have learned a lot, and have been able to apply in our day-to-day life!

Throughout this course, i have gained so much knowledge about the issues and problems of educational technology that students as well as teachers are facing. Moreover, in the past few weeks, I have learned much about the issues and benefits of using technology in the classroom, role of social media in enhancing our teaching-learning process, and view and understanding of technology in the classroom which has changed my viewpoint and will continue to change in the future!

Furthermore, again in this course, I collaborated with Amanpreet for the Summary of Learning, and it was a wonderful experience for me to work with her.

Thank you very much everyone!

Click the link below to watch the video:  

Thank you

Lovepreet kaur

Debate#8- Online education is detrimental to the social and academic development of children.

It was a very interesting debate by Britney, Kayla and Colton (On agree side) and Arkin, Katherine and Chris (On disagree side). Indubitably, by the advent of internet, e-learning is more popular among many countries. However, this trend put some awful impacts on the academic development of children, and I believe, Online learning is the key to success in this era of ever-changing technology and increased competition.

Agree:

Commencing With the negative effects of online education on learners. Children easily make new friends and learn co-operation, understanding and leadership skills which is not possible via online study. Additionally, spending too much time on internet, children are being distracted by social media sites such as Instagram, Facebook, and snapchat which will not only make them couch potato but also influence them through vulgar and violent content. Consequently, their academic integrity and goals are being lowered, which results in lack of concentration in theoretical and practical work.

pic source-https://c4r2s7n4.rocketcdn.me/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Benefits-And-Drawbacks-Of-Online-Learning.jpg

Disagree:

Moving further, despite having numerous negative impacts of online study, positive impacts cannot be neglected. The first and foremost is that, as discussed in the video, online classes are flexible, reliable and convenient to use. To make it clearer, one can use e-link anywhere, at any time and on any device with the excess of internet which allows for customized learning experience. Due to some technical issues some students are not able to attend offline classes but e-learning is very beneficial for them as they can get more knowledge about a particular subject as online programs are more affordable and provides individual learning environment which further helps in improving self- regulation skills. For instance, during covid-19 educational institutes were shut down by government and in that time, online classes make learning very effective for students who were absent from there schools, whereas without any restriction their study runs very well. Next, Online study is also very beneficial for those students who are suffering from various health issues such as depression, mood disorders and anxiety as it helps to promote life-long learning. To add to it, many students move metropolitan cities to get coaching classes for tough aptitude examinations for higher administrative jobs.  Therefore, they pay huge amount of money on face and accommodation rents but online classes make it easy for the students to attend online coaching classes for arm long distance which saves their money and time.

pic source-https://i.pinimg.com/originals/05/7b/17/057b17c4dfe16fc61956aeecbcac312b.gif

With the help of communication technologies and increased internet access, the education system is rapidly changing, and giving students hope for bettering their particular learning experiences. I’ve always believed that offline learning is superior because it allows for one-on-one interaction between a student and a teacher, but after attending online classes, I believe that online learning was a refreshing and novel experience, with self-paced online sessions and one-on-one doubt clearing sessions. It totally changed my perspective!

To recapitulate, although there are some negative outcomes of online studies such as a limited friendship zone, social media distraction, positive ones outweigh negatives as it is time saving, reliable and consistent way for students.

Thank you

Lovepreet kaur

Debate#7-Educators and schools have a responsibility to help their students develop a digital footprint

There is no doubt that the media contributes significantly to the framing and shaping of our children as powerless victims. Instead of viewing the internet and the digital world as a harmful invention in our society, I feel we should be discussing them in a positive way. As a result, instructors and schools should aid their students in developing a digital footprint. In the following paragraphs, I agree with the concept that will be discussed at the end.

pic source-https://miro.medium.com/max/1029/1*Q7RbO8gXPUR7nUam-hZPCQ.png

Commencing with the importance of digital footprint. A digital footprint is your online identity and personality, and it is what distinguishes you from others. It’s about establishing an online reputation, or making an impression, based on what you do online. It is critical to be aware of this because anything placed online is permanent and cannot be erased. You leave a digital footprint, which is a trail of information, when you use the internet. I found this article” https://www.commonsense.org/education/digital-citizenship/lesson/the-power-of-digital-footprints” very informative as it explains, how as an educator we can help our students in developing their digital identity!

This article also explains about student’s have to learn about their privacy policies and respect other’s privacy online when tagging, posting, or copying other’ personal information.

pic source-https://mir-s3-cdn-cf.behance.net/project_modules/max_1200/d65fca72032833.5bd995e94b5da.gif

Students must learn about their digital identities, and teachers must adapt their approach to include ethical technology use. We should improve students’ understanding of their digital footprints and encourage them to make educated decisions about the information they create and share online. as an educator, we can Create online communities using Discord, Google Classroom, or a blog platform, and ask students to consider what it means to be a member of one. Encourage them to share their work with a larger audience by publishing it. Their photos, films, and blog articles should all convey a compelling tale about them. Etiquette, respect, and empathy are social and emotional characteristics that should be displayed both online and offline. Invite students to participate in online discussions and offer feedback. Nextly, educators must ensure that their students have the skills to become contributing member of society working in their chosen field, where as teachers give them content knowledge and skills but think about their online activities. Hence, they can have on their ability to achieve those goals. Moreover, teachers not only need more information on this topic but should also have a solid lesson plan in place to educate their students about online activity, because I feel students that not have any online identity can be also be detrimental for themselves. Therefore, for limit the potential for negative consequences, we have to encourage our students to create their professional online identities.

To recapitulate, I believe, although Digital footprints are beneficial for students, it is the responsibility of educators as well as schools to help them for developing digital footprints.

Debate#6 -Cell phones should be banned in the classroom.

Nowadays, mobile phones recolonized human lives by giving a greater approach to communication as well as education. Even, students are replacing education with cellular devices, and they are using these devices inside classrooms which has both positive and negative impacts on children. this essay intends to discuss the effects of using mobile phones in the classrooms, and I believe that schools must prohibit the usage of cellular devices in the classrooms.

Commencing with the merits of mobile phones on school-going learners. Our 1st and foremost is that with the advent Of the Internet, there is a great availability of knowledge related to different streams such as science, mathematics, and history by which students do not feel the burden of theoretical work. Moreover, E-learning also saves tons of paper as inside school people search any type of files on the Internet and save it on their phones which would be easy for them to keep PDFs for a longer time.

pic source-https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/b/mobile-phone-banned-cell-incoming-call-icon-cartoon-vector-style-inside-red-icon-48877100.jpg

Moving towards the negative impacts of using mobile phones in the classroom. The primary one is that, said by Echo, if students use cell phones in classrooms, they are being distracted by social media and gaming apps, which their academic scores are being affected.  As said by Amanpreet, the use of cell phones in the classroom gives rise to E-cheating, academic dishonesty, sexting, and cyber-bullying. As a result, children suffer from mental problems because of “cyber-based abuse”. Moreover, the Internet is sometimes Spam or false as compared to written books which provide correct knowledge given by experts and affiliated by various education boards. Another demerit is that by using the cell phones in the classroom they can easily copy data during their exams because they get habitual of using an easy way to study. As explained in These articles, Cell Phones in The Classroom: Learning Tool or Distraction, and Changing our Mindset in Regards to Cellphones in the Classroom,  offer a number of lists explaining how having a cell phone in the classroom can cause a variety of problems such as Influence on learning (cheating), implications on Academic integrity, risk of inappropriate use (cyber-bullying), disconnection from face-to-face activities, and potential impact on health( texting and sexting), and the term “Nomophobia” is the fear of not being able to use one’s phone or the many apps that these devices now offer (Tams, Legoux, & Léger, 2018), which leads to inability to focus, stress and anxiety when they are without their phones for long periods of time, and poor cognitive functioning. One of the major concerns is that it threatens classroom’s learning. As Students check their phones in the classroom an average of more than 11 times a day. And they are spending up to 20% of their in-class time texting, emailing, and checking social media. Perhaps this was the reason that, in September 2019, Ontario’s Education Ministry was planning to ban cellphones in the classrooms. A study showed that the closer the cellphone was to the students, the poorer cognitive functioning was (Watson, 2017)

pic source-https://sn56.scholastic.com/content/dam/classroom-magazines/sn56/issues/2018-19/112618/debate–should-schools-ban-smartphones/SN56-112618-Debate-Medium.jpg

Thus, in the future, it becomes a daunting task for them to excel in any field. To add to it, I believe, mobile phones have replaced the traditional methods of teaching, and use of mobile phones in the classroom is degrading the value of teachers as more and more students adopt mobile learning. So, there are more chances in the upcoming future, students would not require teachers anymore in the classrooms.

To recapitulate, while phones have numerous positive effects on children in schools, the negative ones are far higher; therefore, I believe, mobile phone should be banned inside the classrooms.

” Email, instant messaging, and cell phones give us fabulous communication ability, but because we live and work in our own little worlds, that communication is totally disorganized”– Marilyn Vos Savant

DEbate#5 – Social media is ruining childhood?

Indubitably, by the invent of internet technology, people usually communicate through various social media platforms, as social media allows us to learn, see new perspectives, and stand in solidarity with people around the globe. I am also using social media in my personal and professional life on a daily basis and see so much value in it. However, even though social media can be used in a positive way, there are also important things to be aware of, specially for children.

Both the Agree and Disagree Teams presented their valuable information which made the debate process very challenging. Through this blog post, I am going to share the views.

Starting with the negative implications, the first is that social media is interfering with children’s physical and mental abilities. The agree team (Gunpreesh, Dami, and Fasiha) also explored some interesting facts. While the online world is undoubtedly a great place for the younger generation, many children are victims of online abuse and cyberbullying, which leads to an increase in psychological health issues in children due to stress, anxiety, and lack of sleep brought on by social media use. Although social media platforms can be a tremendous source of knowledge sharing and connection, it can also be distracting to children because they can quickly lose focus while browsing through irrelevant photos and videos, which negatively affecting their academic performance.

image source-https://c.tenor.com/OGi5g7-d-8UAAAAC/online-marketing-marketing.gif

Furthermore, social media is targeting the family bonding because most young people choose to meet new friends on social media rather than spend time with their parents and grandparents, resulting in family conflicts. Apart from that, the primary concern of children using social media is, student safety and privacy. Because we cannot simply introduce them to social media without teaching them how to be safe and protect their personal information, it is our primary responsibility as educators to educate them about online safety by providing them with appropriate resources.

Moving towards the solving factors to tackle this issue. The primary one is that parents should keep an eye on their children by giving them a time-limit. They should also motivate their children towards sports activities either indoor or outdoor. Moreover, I think it really depends on the children also, if a child is very mature, with a private account, I think it’s quite safe.

The agree team (Jennifer, Shivali and Mike) also explored some informative facts about the use of social media. I have found that several media which are treated a good source of content as well as an important tool to increase the power of digital knowledge and leave footprints over the readers. News websites according to me are considered to be an important tool where I think, I can gather information across the world which further would help me to make my student understand. I learned about three educational websites for my main project in my previous class, Desmos and TikTok, and “Khan Academy,” which is a very smart and interesting website that supports pre-service and post-service teachers and their students. When I used to teach in India, I used this digital site for the first time to teach my students, and I’m still learning from it. It is a really helpful website that is beneficial not only to students but also to teachers and parents of students.

image source-https://lirp.cdn-website.com/69e44f66/dms3rep/multi/opt/social+platforms+responsible+for+how+their+users+interact+on+their+platforms+-+johnny+phillips+law-1920w.jpeg


“To utilize social media tools effectively and properly, you must absolutely generate spontaneous communications in direct response to what others are saying or to what is happening in that moment. Be yourself. Be conversational. Be engaged.” Aliza Sherman

Although there are numerous awful impacts of social media on ruining childhood, by taking suitable steps, we can make it good for children!

Thank you

Lovepreet Kaur

Debate#4-Educators have the responsibility to use technology and social media to promote social justice?

The extent to which teachers must participate in using technology and social media to encourage social justice is a hotly debated topic. I feel that teachers must educate their students about social justice but without using social media. Yes, teachers must educate kids regarding how social media affects education and model effective usage in an attempt to assist students to become informed and powerful learners.

picture source-https://redwoodbark.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Art1-475×414.jpeg

Whenever it comes to educating social justice, I believe rather than being a quiet participant, educators must be pushed to take on the role of someone with an opinion. Social justice is a theory as well as a set of acts that entails treating everyone with dignity, fairness, and charity. The four main aspects of social justice in education, in my opinion, are:

  • Misconceptions, lies, and preconceptions are challenged, confronted, and disrupted.
  • Students are given the resources they need to reach their greatest potential.
  • Makes use of all of the learners’ abilities and talents.
  • Encourages independent thinking and empowers social change agents.

I agree with, as explained in the video, “Social media is the biggest platform for promoting students voice” as it addressing the issues, and connect us worldwide but as said by Dalton and Brook, there are other ways also for promoting social justice than the social media only. However, whenever it comes to whether or not to utilize social media platforms to encourage social justice, I tend to lean with the Disagree side because I believe in the significance of educating social justice, but I also feel that teachers must be impartial and utilize social networking responsibly.

picture source-https://www.freevector.com/social-media-icons

I believe that teachers should be pushed to allow students to make their educated conclusions; otherwise, instead of thinking, many students would simply concur with the educator. Teaching kids that there are various points of view and distinct points of view will aid in the development of critical thinkers. I believe that freely discussing personal opinions on social networking sites make individuals more vulnerable, particularly if those opinions contradict the ideology promoted by their institutions.

Students may see both aspects of a story by conducting research, which allows them to be independent thinkers and create their educated conclusions. I wouldn’t feel comfortable imposing my social agenda on anyone, particularly since anything people upload becomes part of their digital imprint, which could certainly be twisted and come back to harm them later in life. Whenever it comes to selecting whether or not to speak out on social networking sites on specific social justice problems, place and time play a significant impact.

Debate#3- Schools should no longer teach skills that can be easily carried out by technology (e.g., cursive writing, multiplication tables, spelling).

Schools should no longer teach skills that can easily be carried out by technology is surely a controversial topic. There is no doubt, innovators and companies have invested a lot of time, effort, and money into making gadgets and technology that will make learning more appealing, portable, convenient, and feasible for everyone. But I am representing the disagree side and I think that teachers should educate the student about multiplication tables, cursive writing, spelling etc. and all these must not be dependent upon technology.

Let’s first start with the multiplication table. Surely, it is very easy for a student who is 15 years old to use a calculator on their smartphone to do all the calculations and they need not remember the multiplication tables. However, I am agree with Kelly, it is essential for all students to comprehend basic principles of mathematics, as we would not want them to implement facts they do not comprehend, so I believe they need to grasp multiplication in aspects of groupings; for example, students must not just take lessons that 4 x 3 equals 12, but also understand that 4 x 3 is four groups of three, which equals three groups of four so that students could indeed pictorially perceive what the multiplication fact implies, which technology will not be teaching them.

image source-https://assets-homepages-learning.3plearning.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/blog-technology-in-the-classroom.png

Children should know their multiplication tables up to 10 x 10 by the age of 6, yet many still remember them up to 12 x 12. Students must also understand the meaning and operation of the tables. The curriculum, on the other hand, does not specify how this should be taught; alternatively, teachers must give a variety of methods for students to acquire their tables.

I believe that keyboarding has been introduced into the educational curriculum, although cursive writing is still required. It’s a long way from only a few generations earlier when typing was a high school elective pursued by young women interested in pursuing a secretarial career.

Nevertheless, data reveals that a writing tool and paper are still used for a significant portion of standard primary school classroom time – upwards of 85 mins every day. And, while tests may be administered using a keyboard or perhaps voice identification technology in the future, I believe that the mental advantages of learning to write using a hand will remain, As said by Durston also, writing is also improving reading skills, fine motor skills and it is good for hand-eye co-ordination. And study reaved that, who write notes by hands are more problem solver, critical thinker and good decision maker.

If youngsters were to merely use a keyboard to learn how to write, all that is needed is for them to perceive the outline of a letter and press it.

However, when you take lessons to manually write it, you’re synchronizing a lot of sensory and motor action, therefore you are thinking about how to shape the alphabet in a manner that facilitates more mental processing as compared to just visual perception. Learning appropriate letter formation aids youngsters in learning cursive, and being capable of writing confidently by hand provides mental advantages in addition to the ability to type quickly.